Tag Archives: Galloway

Fear and Loathing in Subjective Point of View

Out of all the chapters we have read in Alexander Galloway’s book, I found this latest one to easily be the most intriguing. Because I am a most definitely a movie addict, I found his comparison of Point of View and Subjective Point of View to be particularly compelling because of not only its direct applicability to video games, but also its usage in popular movies as well.

As I mentioned in class, one of the first movies that I thought of when considering Subjective Point of View was Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas. For those who haven’t seen the film, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas chronicles a journalist (Johnny Depp) who gets dragged into the seedy underbelly of Las Vegas while taking copious amounts of illegal drugs of all kinds along the way.

One of the most well remembered scenes in this movie is when Depp’s character is in a bar lounge while hallucinating on LSD. The term “unreliable narrator” could easily be used here, as we witness the floors turning into lava and the people around him becoming giant lizards. In another scene, Depp’s drug induced state causes him to witness a woman morphing into a large moray eel. Obviously, such things didn’t happen in actuality, but it is through the Subjective Point of View that we are able to get a look into Depp’s character’s psyche. This Subjective Point of View, when coupled with a fascinating character in a unique position, allows us to get an “inside look” as to the character’s true self, and its effective use in any medium (including movies and videogames) can greatly enhance the viewer’s overall experience.

Atmosphere and diegesis in games

The G-Man in the opening sequence of Half-Life 2.

I’m not going to lie. When we were first assigned Gaming: Essays on Algorithmic Culture and Professor Mark “Sample Reality” Sample insisted multiple times that it’d be the hardest thing we read in college, I groaned. I assumed I would just sort of skim through the reading and pull a response out of my ass, because that’s what I’m good at. I was going to write, “You know what I don’t understand? THIS ENTIRE BOOK, it’s a load of shite!” I haven’t read any other students’ blogs on the reading, but I’m sure that was the basic thesis of multiple posts.

Against all my better judgement, I found myself actually enjoying Alexander R. Galloway’s first chapter. Real references to real video games, from cult classics like Ico to my favorite game of all time, the masterpiece Metroid Prime (which came out in 2002 on the GameCube, and is not to be confused with its 1986 NES predecessor Metroid, as Professor Mark “Sample Reality” Sample seems to have done in response to one of my previous blog posts).

A couple things caught my eye about the reading. First of all, since I’m a film major, I loved the idea of diegesis and non-diegesis in video games. I never thought of this before, but it’s very important to how players approach a game. One of my favorite games as a kid was Command & Conquer: Red Alert, a real-time strategy game that relied, as RTSes mostly do, on completely non-diegetic gameplay. While having no affect on the quality of the gameplay itself, it definitely made it harder to become as emotionally involved in the story and the characters as, say, Half-Life 2, which is 100% diagetic in its interaction with players. Both are great games, but I get much more emotionally invested in the Half-Life series.

Metroid Prime is an interesting case, because its seemingly non-diegetic elements are, in fact, diegetic.

A snowy vista in Metroid Prime. Note the diegetic HUD.

There is a very prominent HUD in the game, but it’s inside the visor of Samus’ helmet. The icons to denote switching weapons and whatnot are actually within the world of the game. When Samus gets wet, water droplets drip down the screen. When there is a blast near her face, you can see the reflection of her visage in the visor. But she never speaks. She is alone on an alien world, and the player is immersed in it through (mostly) diegetic gameplay.

I was also drawn to Galloway’s concept of “ambient acts” in video games: that in many games, when the player just sits back and doesn’t do anything, the game continues on its own, playing itself in a way. The world of the game exists even when the player doesn’t interact with it. There’s a certain zen to this idea. On a basic level, it’s a microcosm for real life–when the hero does nothing, Earth is extant. People go on their daily routines, the sun sets, day turns to night, and night turns to day. In a way, regardless of all the power-ups we’ve got, we don’t matter at all.

I know I didn’t really talk about anything I didn’t understand in the reading, but I thought this would suffice.